Health Benefits of Chilli Peppers | Nutritional Value | Jewel for healing Health Benefits of Chilli Peppers | Nutritional Value - Jewel for healing

November 3, 2016

Health Benefits of Chilli Peppers | Nutritional Value

The Origin of Chilli Peppers

Chilli peppers originate from South America, specifically Mexico, where they are cultivated 9 000 years ago. 

On the soil of Europe, Columbus brought them during his journeys and discovering America, while Magellan chilli peppers brought on the ground of Asia and Africa, where it still grow, especially in India.

Today, the production of chilli peppers is widespread throughout the world, and the great producers and users are CA, Louisiana and Carolina, states in America.

Chilli pepper is an essential seasoning in the Mexican cuisine, Indian, as well in Mediterranean cuisine.

Basic Characteristics of Chilli Peppers

Chilli peppers belong to Capsicum family that even counted over 200 different species. 

By color, peppers are usually red, green, yellow and orange, but in taste, chilli peppers are categorized as: mild, medium ,hot and very hot. 

One of the very hot varieties of chilli peppers is naga jolokia, which confirmed that it so hot that can cause death.

Unlike other hot peppers, this chilli pepper has spicy taste, not very aromatic and color is a little less intense than the classic hot peppers.

Hot taste of chilli peppers, comes from capsaicin, matter which is the most concentrated in the inner central part of the pepper with seeds and white barriers.

Nutritional Value of Chilli Peppers

The energy content of chilli pepper powder, for the most part made up of three components:

- 55% carbohydrates
- 17% fat
- 12% protein

The rest of ballast substances make the fibber, phytosterols, lignans, lutein, lycopene, betaine.

Chilli peppers are rich in vitamin A, beta carotene, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin E and vitamin B complex (riboflavin, thiamine, choline, and folate).

Mineral part of chilli peppers makes iron, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium and calcium.

Health Benefits of Chilli Peppers

The main chemical ingredient in chilli peppers is capsaicin, which gives them a characteristic hot taste. In addition to these features, capsaicin also has proven healing properties.

The main chemical ingredient in chilli peppers is capsaicin, which gives them a characteristic hot taste. 

In addition to these features, capsaicin also has proven healing properties.

Due to the acceleration of metabolic processes, specifically an increase in internal temperature, capsaicin helps in the regulation of body weight and helps in weight loss

It speeds up the metabolism and accelerates the burning of fat and carbohydrates and reduces their absorption from foods.

Also, capsaicin lowers the level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, preventing the various cardiac and vascular diseases.

Capsaicin from chilli peppers affects the blood clotting process, as it prevents platelet agglutination, dilutes the blood and prevents blood clotting.

Property of capsaicin is to acting as an anti-inflammatory agent because it possesses mechanisms that block prostaglandins, mediators of inflammation.

Chilli peppers have a role in raising immunity and antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activity.

It is effective in the treatment of disorders of the nerve; pain associated with migraine, psoriasis, diabetic neuropathy.

External applications of capsaicin in the form of cream alleviates the pain to the skin caused by the herpes zoster, neuralgia or post-operative trauma associated with amputation.

To get rid of rheumatism and arthritis apply homemade creams made on the basis of chilli peppers.

Shopping and storing 

When purchasing, choose firm, shiny and smooth chilli peppers. Avoid those that are extremely soft, damaged or have signs of spoilage. Wrap them in kitchen paper; put it in the refrigerator for a week.

Drying will preserve them longer; pass the thread through the stems and put them to dry in a warm place. Then they chopped or whole store in a glass jar with a lid in a cool, dark place.

In the market, peppers comes in fresh, dried (whole, minced, crushed), but also in canned form.

The use of chilli in the kitchen

Most often chilli is used as a seasoning for vegetable dishes, spicy sauces, spreads, in addition to cow's cheese, paprika stews and beans. 

Chilli is an important ingredient of the popular Mexican dish Chilli con carne

It is an integral part of all hot sauces, like curry, Tabasco sauce, and Mexican salsa. It can also be combined with sweet ingredients, like chocolate.