What is Parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's disease is named after the British physician James Parkinson, who first discovered it in 1817 and described the symptoms of the disease.
Parkinson's disease belongs to a group of degenerative neurological disorders of the basal ganglia to the cortex. Is caused by deterioration of cells of the basal ganglia that create neurotransmitter - dopamine, which is responsible for directing the supple movements and speech. The cause of the deterioration of cells is not known.
What are the symptoms of Parkinson's?
Due to lack of secretion of dopamine leads to neurological disorders characteristic for Parkinson’s - involuntary muscle tremors, muscle spasms, difficulty moving, loss of balance, uncontrolled movements, uncontrolled urination, slurred speech and writing.
Symptoms of Parkinson's are very difficult to diagnose early stage, but it can be diagnosed with certainty when they become frequent and recognizable. Symptoms in Parkinson's develop long for several months to several years.
The three main symptoms related to Parkinson's are:
- Tremor (trembling fingers and hands)
- Rigidity (stiffness)
- Slowness of movement and loss of balance
The appearance of these symptoms is an individual (always emerges first from one side of the body and then eventually procedure other side), which means that in one person does not have to appear all three symptoms, as well as the intensity of the phenomena is not the same in all people. In some cases muscle tremors uncontrollably to the point that limbs move on their own, while others tremor is somewhat lower intensity.
Also, the cause of muscle tremors can be of different origin and do not necessarily mean that the person that has a tremor also have Parkinson's.
In people who suffer from Parkinson's present anxiety, depression, apathy and insomnia.
What categories of people are predisposed to Parkinson's ?
In practice, the statistics showed that the elderly population of citizens over 50 years, most at risk for the occurrence of Parkinson's. However, that should not be rule, because this neurological disease can occur in younger people.
Today data indicate that Parkinson's million diagnosed in the US population, while in the world that number is approximately ten million people. Most of them are male aged an average of 60 years.
It is assumed that one of the causes of Parkinson's and hereditary factor; persons who are in the family had someone who was suffering from Parkinson's has predisposition for the development of this disease.
Which is a way of treating Parkinson's?
At the outset it should be said that the cure for Parkinson's does not exist, but the application of symptomatic therapy can significantly slow down the further development of the disease and alleviate the existing symptoms and make life easier for patient.
- As conventional method of treatment of Parkinson's disease applies medicine - L - Dopa, or a synthetic form of the natural neurotransmitter dopamine, which is in deficit. The application of this drug is aimed to compensate dopamine, which would carry out all the voluntary movements of the body.
- Physical therapy is important in patients with Parkinson's because the application of massage and electrical stimulation of muscles is helping people to eliminate spasms, trembling muscles and increases circulation of affected muscles. In case of difficulty in swallowing and speech should include other forms of physical therapy.
- Nutrition in Parkinson's disease is very important because due to difficulty swallowing and chewing food due to faces muscle spasms, a lot of people lose weight.
Therefore, this specific disease requires proper and balanced diet to achieve a satisfactory level of energy and a better effect of drugs.
It is recommended to slightly lower protein intake in the diet (meat), and higher intake of carbohydrates. Daily intake of carbohydrates should be 55% and that includes bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, and the rest consists of fat (30%) and protein (15%).
Food which is prepared for people with Parkinson's needs to be fragmented, chopped or mushy.
Another important factor is the acidity of the stomach - it is advisable to moderate or even minimal consumption of foods with high acidity (orange juice, tomato).
- Coenzyme Q10 in combination with conventional drugs for Parkinson's can help in the treatment of symptomatic and slow development of symptoms by 40%.
- The diet should be represented with vitamin E for its antioxidant properties and vitamin C to maintain good immunity.
- Beans and legumes are rich in phyto form of dopamine and may to a large extent compensate for the lack of natural hormone - dopamine. Nutrition that includes beans reduces tremors and muscle stiffness.
- Fish oil is the main source of unsaturated, omega fatty acids that prevent oxidation and the formation of free radicals that damaged nerve cells and fibers. Therefore, people who suffer from Parkinson's should use fish and fish oil in the diet in order to preserve the health of the nervous system.
- Black tea - due to the wealth of antioxidants, black tea is recommended in the symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's. Just one cup of black tea a day can reduce the risk of Parkinson's disease by as much as 71%, the researchers said.
- Herbs that are used to prepare tea, and can help in relieving the symptoms of Parkinson's are: balm, basil, had, Thyme, chamomile, rosemary, sage, wormwood.
- Gouteng, which is traditionally used to lower the pressure, but the Hong Kong experts found that helps patients suffering from Parkinson's disease to more easily communicate and be less prone to depression and problems with sleep.
- Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) is recommended in the treatment of Parkinson's, and in the form of tincture (3 times a day for 10-30 drops).
- Tincture of St. John's wort - 4-6 drops added to a glass of water or tea.
What is the prognosis for Parkinson's?
The prognosis and course of the disease largely depends on the type of disease, if it is a mild form accompanied by milder tremor (Type A), suffering in most cases respond well to medication such as L-dopa, physical therapy and with proper nutrition and posture disease under controlled by a longer period of time. Much worse results in type B, which is quite unstable (suffering with mobility problems and holding the balance) . For this form of the disease progression is faster and it is difficult to slow down completely.