Identification of disease through tongue | Traditional Chinese Medicine
Tongue is powered by a muscular organ, located in the oral cavity and participates in the digestion process. By all indications, the tongue in human medicine does not take greater diagnostic significance and there is no efficient value in the diagnosis of a disease in the body.
What is the basis of tongue diagnostics of traditional Chinese Medicine?
In traditional Chinese medicine, diagnosis is based precisely on determining the content, shape, color and quality of the tongue itself. Any change in the tongue is a certain symptom and represents a specific organ or system of organs.
Why Chinese medicine takes tongue as a diagnostic tool?
In Chinese medicine, tongue is considered as a sensitive organ, which contains a lot of water, mucus, enzymes, electrolytes and in accordance with changes in the tongue is related and changes to specific organs in the body.
Once we've told, the tongue is a mirror through which we learn what is going on inside our bodies.
What is the normal appearance of the tongue?
In order to establish a diagnosis through tongue, we need to know how should look like normal and healthy tongue.
During normal and healthy tongue, color is light red to pink; the tongue is muscular, without the presence of teeth marks or changes in color. Surface of the tongue is coated with a thin off-white blanket that is created due to the secretion of saliva.
How it looks like changed tongue? | Changes and parts of tongue as a diagnostic mirror
During the examination of tongue in traditional Chinese medicine, it is necessary to do some things before the examination. This means that you do not eat before the examination, the examination needs to be done in the morning and consume of any drink is forbidden.
During the examination of tongue, it follows the overall appearance (color, size, curvature of the top and edges, papillae, mobility, quality of tongue and state obstructed). It also speaks to the attention to the underside of the tongue where are most pronounced veins.
1. Color of tongue
We have already noted that the normal color of a healthy tongue is light red to pink. What is the color of the changed tongue to diagnose an illness?
• Increased red
This color symbolizes fire, according to Chinese energy medicine, or put in another way Yang is on the rise and Ying is declining. In medical terms, this color indicates that somewhere in the body is presence an increase in body temperature, or any sore spots. The diagnosis: inflammation, infection or plethora.
• Purple tongue (dark blue and purple)
In this case there is also a rise of Yang and decline of Yin, or the presence of fire. In this case, it is presence the retention of blood in the body that corresponds topographically to part of the tongue in which it occur violet color. Diagnosis: acute purulent infections, chronic nephritis, dehydration due to bacterial infection.
• Scarlet red
Strong red color occurs in strong febrile conditions, high temperatures, blood stasis in the lungs and hypoxia.
2. Appearance of tongue
• Coarse tongue
It occurs in chronic diseases and febrile conditions, where there is a lack of water in the body and where there is dehydration.
• Smooth tongue
Here government symbol is Yin, and there is a lack of temperature and condition of milder blood trails or anemia.
• Shaggy tongue
Dominating symbol is Yang and there is a heat and moisture reduction.
• Swollen tongue papillae on the surface
The existence of a febrile illness, inflammation, infection.
• Teeth marks on the tongue
In this case, the affected organ is spleen and its weak activity is concerned.
3. Mobility of tongue
• Stiff tongue - heat
• Flabby tongue - chronic disease, tumor
• Curved tongue - liver disease
4. The external surface of the tongue
• The external surface of the tongue is thickened, very white and smelly - weakened immunity, candidiasis.
• The external surface of the tongue is yellow - the existence of inflammatory processes within the body and infection.
• Scum is fatty consistence in the tongue surface - problems with liver, fatty liver; rotten scum that really stinks - indigestion, dyspepsia.