January 14, 2018

Health Benefits of Potassium | Deficiency

7:25 AM

Basic Characteristics of Potassium


Potassium is the third most important macronutrient for human life. 

Together with sodium and magnesium, potassium participates in the transmission of bio impulses, thus regulates the electrical conductivity of the heart, muscle, gastrointestinal tract and participates in maintaining of normal brain function.


A large portion of potassium is excreted through the kidneys (urine) while small part is eliminating through the digestive tract. 

Therefore, the kidneys are extremely important in the metabolism of potassium, precisely because they participate in maintaining the balance of potassium in the body.


What are the Health Benefits of Potassium?

Extremely important role of potassium is in allergic conditions and in the process of detoxifying the body.


Physiological role of potassium is to provide a smooth flow of bio electrical impulses through nerve cells, so potassium affects the proper maintenance of the heart, brain, nerve and muscle cells, as well as muscle cell of intestines.

In addition, potassium also has a metabolic role in the body, as it encourages the creation of the proteins, participates in the metabolism of glucose. Potassium is a precursor in the synthesis of the growth hormone and much more.

Extremely important role of potassium is in allergic conditions and in the process of detoxifying the body.

Knowing the physiological properties of potassium, it can be said that sufficient quantities of potassium in the body provide protection against cardiovascular diseases, especially hypertension, then prevention of the formation of kidney diseases, stomach disorders, and according to previous researches, potassium has connectivity in the prevention of osteoporosis.


Sources of Potassium in Food


Foods contain sufficient quantities of potassium, therefore, potassium deficiency mainly line in normal conditions of nutrition and life.

Most potassium is found in:

- Banana
- Sweet potato
- Pumpkin
- Tomato juice
- Brown rice
- Orange juice
- Chicken
- Salmon

What we need to indicate, is that the heat treatment of food has big influence on the lost more than half of the present amount of potassium. 

It is therefore advised to use foods rich in potassium in fresh state.

In addition to the ingredients of natural origin, potassium can be replaced by supplements

In the form of supplements, potassium is in the form of salts and it is commonly combined with other electrolytes in order to compensate electrolytes after training.

When using supplements that contain potassium you should be careful, because it can lead to overdose, so the medical advice before use is desirable.


Which are Daily Doses of Potassium?


There are different opinions around the daily dose of potassium, and it is depending on the author, starts from 2000 to even 8000 mg daily. 

It is assumed that the potassium intake of 2000 mg is optimized to meet normal physiological needs of body for this electrolyte.


Symptoms of Potassium Deficiency


Certain pathological conditions, such as diarrhea, increased sweating, vomiting, disturbed metabolism, use of drugs (diuretics) can lead to a state of deficiency or increased loss of potassium from the body.

Extremely low levels of potassium can create longer use of steroids and laxatives that are often use in training, as well as the application of inadequate diet.


Symptoms of potassium deficiency include:

- Weakness
- Muscle cramps
- Irregular heartbeat
- Abdominal problems
- Nervosa
- Dry skin

Symptoms that accompany excess levels of potassium in the body are:

- Nausea and cramps
- Diarrhoea
- Enlargement of the abdomen
- Metallic taste in the mouth
- Slow heart beat
- The outcome can be fatal 


The emergence of heightened levels of potassium occurs in kidney patients since the kidneys are unable to maintain normal levels of potassium. 

Also in the elderly, due to physiological deterioration of the body, can come to a reduced excretion of potassium from the body and retention.

January 9, 2018

Health Benefits of Spiny Restharrow | Herbal Remedy for Rheumatism and Gout

11:46 AM

Basic Characteristics of Spiny Restharrow


Spiny Restharrow (Onosis spinosa) is an ancient medicinal plant used in the time of old Greeks and Romans to treat kidney stones, rheumatism and gout.

This perennial herbaceous plant grows in Europe, Asia, and Africa, and mostly finds in meadows, pastures, at elevated altitudes, along the perimeter of the forest. It likes dry terrain, without much moisture.

The plant is in the form of a lower bush with stems that are solid and branched with thorny shoots. On the stems in the lower part of the plant are leaves that are made up of three parts, while in the tops, the leaves are one-piece.

The flowers are on thorny shoots and are usually pink to dark red.

The root of Spiny Restharrow is branched, long and goes deep into the ground.


What are the Medicinal Parts of the Plant?


Medicinal part of Spiny Restharrow is root, although leaves and flowers are also medicinal. 

The root is used in a dried condition for the preparation of tea, tincture, and other medicinal preparations from Spiny Restharrow.


Picking and Drying Spiny Restharrow


The plant flourishes from May to September, and then the leaves and flowers are collected. The root is removed from the soil in the spring or autumn, because the root is the healing part of the plant.

The plant is in the form of a lower bush with stems that are solid and branched with thorny shoots. On the stems in the lower part of the plant are leaves that are made up of three parts, while in the tops, the leaves are one-piece.

After leaving the soil, the root is well cleaned from the ground, washed under water, and laid on the ground to be dried in the strong sun.

After drying, the root can be cut into smaller pieces and packed for further use.

What is the Chemical Composition of Spiny Restharrow?


At the root of Spiny Restharrow there are medicinal substances such as glycosides - ononine and onospine, sterols, tannins, essential oils, starch, resin, terpenes.

What are Health Benefits of Spiny Restharrow?


The use of Spiny Restharrow for the purpose of natural healing is based on the application of this plant in a condition such as:


The use of Spiny Restharrow for the purpose of natural healing is based on the application of this plant in a condition such as:

- Rheumatism

- Gout

- Kidney stones

- Chronic renal insufficiency

- It promotes the removal of urine and excess fluid from the body

- In combination with other plants, solve the problem of urinary infections

- Excellent prevention of stomatitis and bleeding from the gums

- Rescue the problem of the pimples and inflamed skin

This herb is not recommended for people who have edema as a result of a weakened kidney or heart function.


Medicinal Preparations from Spiny Restharrow


• Spiny Restharrow Tea


Pour teaspoon of dried root of Spiny Restharrow with 200 ml of water (cold water) and put it on the heat to briefly boil. After that, leave the tea covered to stand for 15 minutes, then strain. Drink the cup of tea 3 times a day.

• Spiny Restharrow Tincture


Place in the glass bowl (jar or bottle) to half the dried root of the plant and pour with 200 ml of medicinal alcohol. Close the container and leave it on to stand in the sun for 3 weeks. After that, the contents are processed. With this alcoholic solution, clean the face with pimples and acne.

• Preparation for Toothache and Inflammation of the Gums


Take a teaspoon of dried root of the plant and pour it with 250 ml of apple cider vinegar and gently warm for about 15 minutes, without the boiling. After that, leave solution to cool and rinsed mouth with this lukewarm solution.

December 27, 2017

Powerful Properties of Green Tea

9:42 AM
Although it comes from the Oriental area, green tea is a pleasure to drink all over the world. He became a popular beverage, due to his numerous healing effects on the body. 

Some use it for the purpose of slimming; some use it for detoxification of the organism, due to its known antioxidant role.




What is a Green tea?


Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is an herbaceous plant, from which leaves, green tea is prepared as a beverage. This plant is a woody structure and grows in the form of bush up to 9 meters in height.

Green tea originates from China and India, from the oriental climate, where tea drinking is a whole ritual. It has been used since 1000 years ago, where it has been used as a stimulant to the nervous system, a diuretic (helping to eliminate excess fluid), and coagulant (it controls bleeding and helps healing wounds).

What is fermented and what is an unfermented green tea?


Parts used to prepare green tea are leaf, bud and tree. Green tea alone is not always green in color. Depending on the degree of oxidation in the leaf, when fresh leaves are subjected to the action of high temperatures, seven different types of tea are obtained. 

Among them the most used ones are green tea, black tea and oolong tea. The difference between them is in the color of the leaf and the content of the active substance.

Green tea is made from non-oxidized leaves. It belongs to one of the less processed teas, which retains all the medicinal properties and contains a higher concentration of antioxidants and useful polyphenols, which are responsible for many benefits of green tea.

Oolong tea is partially fermented, while black tea is completely fermented. With increasing fermentation in the leaf, the level of the preferred polyphenols decreases, and the level of caffeine increases. Oxidation of polyphenol reduces the quality of tea.

Matter that makes green tea medicinal


Green tea is rich in polyphenols. They have antioxidant activity, destroy free radicals and thus protect the organism from harmful effects.

In green tea, polyphenols are grouped into one group, called - catechins, made up of six compounds. 

They are even more potent than vitamin C and vitamin E in terms of antioxidant effect on cells. 

Among the catechins, one is especially distinguished, EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate), which is most active in its group.

Green tea also contains alkaloids - caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine. Their role is to stimulating the nervous system and cardiovascular system. They raise alertness, mood and blood pressure.

Amino acid in green tea, known as L-Theanine, has a soothing effect on the nervous system, and is also called as amino acid for sleep and relaxation.

Positive effects of green tea on the body


What is green tea good for? Many people use it and drink it instead of coffee, or use it in the form of capsules or as a component for preparing cosmetics for care.    Because of the presence of antioxidants, the main substances in the fight against free radicals, the application of green tea is possible in the following cases:


What is green tea good for? Many people use it and drink it instead of coffee, or use it in the form of capsules or as a component for preparing cosmetics for care.

Because of the presence of antioxidants, the main substances in the fight against free radicals, the application of green tea is possible in the following cases:

• Heart and blood vessels - antioxidants and other green tea substances can significantly protect the heart and blood vessels. It improves circulation, reduces cholesterol. In the case of elderly people suffering from low pressure that occurs immediately after meals, it improves circulation and raises the level of circulating blood. By cleansing the blood vessels from precipitated lipids and cholesterol, green tea belongs to a group of potential medicinal substances in order to prevent coronary artery disease. 

People who have regular and balanced blood pressure will not experience changes in blood pressure when consuming green tea. Two to three cups of green tea per day are enough to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease of any cause.

• Brain and nervous system - green tea contains 2-4% of caffeine. This enhances mental activity, working ability and thinking. The role of caffeine in the brain is such, that it blocks the neurotransmitter-adenosine. Adenosine is by its nature an inhibitor and a caffeine stimulant. 

This achieves a better neurological response at the level of the sterile cells, and increases the concentration of stimulating neurotransmitters - dopamine and norepinephrine, which exhibit a positive effect of green tea in the form of alertness and better concentration.

Although green tea contains less caffeine than coffee, this concentration is quite sufficient to produce a positive effect.

The positive effect of green tea also comes from the amino acid of L-theane, which together with caffeine, improves mental abilities.

Green tea in the fight against cancer - studies that study the effects of green tea on cancer are mixed. 

Anticancerogenic properties of green tea are possible, but they are not completely reliable. There are indications that green tea can affects cancer cells, but research is still at an early stage. Green tea antioxidants are thought to be responsible for killing tumor cells, and protecting healthy cells.

Women in China and other Asian countries, where green tea is traditionally used, rarely suffer from cervical tumors, breast tumors, and ovarian tumors. This can also be cited as a reduction in the risk of cancer, but not a reliable claim. What is well-known is that green tea has no effect on colon cancer.

• Lowers cholesterol - green tea due to the high content of polyphenols, it lowers HDL and increases in "good" LDL cholesterol in the blood. Consuming 3g green tea daily within 24 weeks can reduce the level of bad cholesterol to a minimum.

• Green Tea and Weight Loss - Consuming green tea can reduce body weight in obese people. However, this fact can be taken with a dose, because the result is individual, and it depends on the person to the person.

A study conducted on a group of 10 healthy men has proven an increase in energy consumption by 4%. The second, however, showed an oxidation of fat by 17% due to the consumption of green tea. This can be said that green tea has a selective effect on weight loss.

The action of green tea active substances is directed to the degradation of fat cells from fat stores, from the hips, stomachs and their circulation, where they will be consumed as energy fuel during exercise. 

Green tea itself cannot be decisive in weight loss, but it contributes to the acceleration of metabolism and the consequent loss of fatty deposits.

• Green tea and increased growth hormone production - this information may be interesting to athletes or bodybuilders. 

Studies have shown a link between green tea and growth hormone, in the capacity of increased growth hormone production by 321%, after consuming green tea at a specific time. Growth hormone is one of the most important lipolytic hormones in the body. 

It allows the burning of fat, increased muscle mass and total energy. It also has an impact on the bone - muscle system as a reparation and regeneration of collagen. It is known as the "anti-aging hormone" because it slows down the aging process.

Green Tea and Acne - Consuming green tea or its external application as a coating, can reduce acne for a period of 8 weeks.

• Prostate function - Men who drink more green tea have a lower risk of getting prostate cancer. In the meantime, the use is preventive, because in people who already have prostate cancer, its role is insignificant.

• Strengthens the immune system - polyphenols and flavonoids in green tea, strengthen the immune system, they act antiviral, especially in colds and flu.

• Parkinson's disease and Crohn's disease - can be prevented by daily consumption of green tea.

• Removes an island under your eyes - do not throw green tea bags, but put them on as covers on tired eyes. Depression will decrease and headache will disappear.

Green tea - negative effects


Applying green tea in moderate amounts is desirable and will not cause adverse effects. 

Consuming green tea is safe for adults, while the use in children is uncertain, even undesirable, due to the content of caffeine in green tea.

Excessive consumption is considered to be taking five cups a day. There may be present nervousness, headache, nausea, vomiting, rapid heart rate, arrhythmia, heartburn, dizziness, and convulsions.

It is estimated that the lethal dose of caffeine in green tea is 10-14 grams.

Special precautions for use of green tea


1. Pregnancy and breast-feeding - in pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding, green tea can be drunk, at most 2 cups a day. Because of the caffeine it contains is not desirable because it can negatively affect the fetus.

2. Anemia - green tea and anemia do not go together. Green tea exacerbates an already present anemia, which is why malnourished people should be able to get rid of it.

3. Diabetes - green tea caffeine can affect blood glucose regulation. Thus, diabetics, carefully with this tea, always measure the level of glucose after using green tea.

4. High blood pressure - people with high blood pressure may have problems consuming green tea due to the presence of caffeine. This is again individually, from person to person, because in some cases, people were satisfied with the application of green tea in case of hypertension.

5. Anxiety - green tea can increase this condition due to the stimulus it contains.

6. Diarrhea - in the case of diarrhea, green tea should not be consumed, because in larger quantities it worsens the condition.

7. Glaucoma - the consumption of green tea increases eye pressure.

8. Liver - it is thought that green tea should not be used by people with damaged liver, as it may exacerbate the already existing condition.

9. Osteoporosis - Due to caffeine, it is necessary to limit the intake of green tea to 2-3 cups per day.

Green tea combined with medicines


Stimulants of the nervous system (amphetamine, cocaine, ephedrine) - act stimulating to the nervous system, as much as the green tea caffeine. Due to the combination of these drugs and green tea, conditions such as nervousness, rapid heart rate, ears in the ears, low blood pressure, and hypertension can occur. Avoid taking these medicines together with green tea.

• Adenosine - used in medicine for the examination of cardiovascular and cardiovascular disease. Green tea caffeine blocks the action of adenosine, so it is desirable that these two substances should not be combined at least 24 hours before testing.

• Beta-blockers (propranolol) - green tea can increase blood pressure in people taking beta blockers. These are medicines for the treatment of high blood pressure.

• Antibiotics - green tea can increase the effects of beta-lactam antibiotics, making bacteria less resistant.

• Benzodiazepines - green tea can reduce the sedative effect of these drugs.

• Lithium -  for the treatment of bipolar disorder should not be used together with green tea, as it inhibits the effect of the drug.

Warfarin and other anticoagulant drugs (heparin, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) - are medicines that prevent the formation of thrombosis. Green tea reduces the efficacy of these drugs, and can cause increased blood clotting, if applied with them

• Hepatotoxic drugs - not with green tea!

• Nicotine and Alcohol - together with green tea have excessive stimulatory effect on CNS and heart.

• Drugs for diabetes - can be partially inhibited in combination with green tea.

• Chemotherapy - green tea increases the efficacy of these drugs, although only in laboratory conditions. Clinically not yet proven.

• Thiamine (Vitamin B1) - green tea reduces the absorption of this vitamin.

How to prepare green tea?


When preparing green tea, it is necessary to know that it does suffer from a high temperature of water.

* Water should not be rolled. (80 - 85 degrees). This is the moment of occurrence of bubbles in the water. Then take off the water from the fire.

* Take 1 - 1 1/5 teaspoons of green tea (powder) on 1 cup of hot water.

* It is necessary to warm up the bowl in which to put the tea.
(Cover with a lid)

* Put the powder in the kettle / cup and spill over with hot water.

* Ideal stand-up time is 3 minutes, after which tea should be processed.

* After 3 minutes, the color should be brown, and the taste must not be bitter.

* The tea must always be freshly prepared.

* Green tea and lemon are a good combination, along with a little honey.

* If you want real quality, try to find green tea in Chinese stores. They use it most as a beverage; it is always fresh and safe for good quality. In addition, the Chinese prepare green tea in special teapots, made of baked clay, which gives a special flavor and quality to green tea.

* Various types of green tea, brings variable  green tea effects because of the quality of green tea.

December 25, 2017

Health Benefits of Coconut | Nutritional Value of Coconut Oil

1:40 PM
Although growing in tropical areas, the coconut palm and its fruit, coconut nut (Cocos nucifera) are used everywhere on the planet. 

Coconut, besides being used in cooking, it also has many healing properties.

What is the Nutritional Composition of the Coconut?



Coconut is rich in saturated fatty acids, which are considered to be unpleasant fats, but coconut fatty acids are very desirable, especially in the process of weight loss, although it works contradictory, studies have shown that daily consumption of one teaspoon of coconut oil taken up in a month reduced the belly fat.

Coconut is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fibers. The vitamins contained in the coconut are: vitamin A, vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6, E, C. 

The mineral composition in the coconut includes: iron, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, chlorine, selenium.

What are the Basic Health Benefits of Coconut Oil?


Coconut is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fibers. The vitamins contained in the coconut are: vitamin A, B1, B2, B5, B6, E, C.     The mineral composition in the coconut includes: iron, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, chlorine, selenium.


• It is effective in influenza, cold, bronchitis, lung inflammation, asthma

• Removes abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, has impact on metabolism and weight loss

• Recommended for hepatitis C

• Treatment of urinary tract and kidney infections, removing kidney stones

• Gives energy, vitality, compensates lost electrolytes

• Regulates the operation of the liver and pancreas

• In children, it affects the growth of teeth and bones, in elders, coconut oil prevents osteoporosis.

• Acts healing in inflammation, helps in wound healing, revitalizes the skin, protect skin from UV rays

• Used to treat fungal infections (Candida)

• It works antiviral and antibacterial; the main ingredient of coconut oil is lauric acid, which possesses antimicrobial properties.

• Protects against colon cancer, breast and digestive tumors.

• Coconut oil works on Streptococcus mutans, a bacterium that deposits the teeth and leads to decay. Based on this, researchers suggest that coconut oil is necessarily added to toothpaste and mouthwash, in order to better protect teeth and gums.

What is Coconut Milk?


So, coconut milk is a liquid that comes out of grated pulp or coconut meat. The color and rich taste of milk can be attributed to the high content of fats or oils.

Coconut milk is extremely versatile and has various uses in the kitchen, especially vegan and exotic.

December 22, 2017

8 Health Benefits of Japanese apple (Persimmon)

1:39 PM

Basic information about Persimmon (Kaki)


Persimmon or Kaki (lat. Diospyros kaki) is also called Japanese apple, the fruit of godsoriental apple, because it comes from the soil of eastern Asia, China and Japan.

Its origins are oriental, from the region of China and Japan, where some kind of apples were grown as a single species, while today it is planted and sold in the form of seedlings. 


Today, kaki fruit is spread to other continents, so it can also be found in the Mediterranean climate.

Japanese apple or persimmon, loves areas with warmer climates, mild winters and not too damp soil. It arrives for harvesting in the autumn - winter period.

There are several different types of apples, which differ in shape, color and nutritional value. The shape of some apples can be a heart shaped, like tomato or pumpkin.

The color of the fruit varies from orange, with a shade of yellow, to darker orange and red. The whole fruit is edible, except for cups and seeds. The internal edible part of the Japanese apple ('' flesh ‘‘) is juicy, but when it is mature, it does not have much water and has a sweet taste, which resembles apricot.

Two types of Japanese apples are grown - one with more tannin, which has to be matched to the end of maturation, in order to get an edible gelatinous soft inner mass and another type of Japanese apple, which has less tannin in it and its fruits resemble to an apple (juicy, hard consistence).


Nutritional composition of Persimmon


Japanese apples are fruits that abound with vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants, which are very important factors in the preservation of human health.

The main building materials are carbohydrates, present in order of 10.8%, which makes persimmon a high-calorie food.

Japanese apple or persimmon, loves areas with warmer climates, mild winters and not too damp soil. It arrives for harvesting in the autumn - winter period.    There are several different types of apples, which differ in shape, color and nutritional value. The shape of some apples can be a heart shaped, like tomato or pumpkin.

It contains a lot of sugar, so it is not recommended for diet in diabetics and people with high blood pressure. It has a high glycemic index.

Kaki apple is a good source of vegetable fibers; it contains a little bit of fat, so it is recommended as fruit in weight loss diets.

The vitamins present in persimmon are vitamin C, vitamin A, beta carotene, vitamin B6, B12.

Minerals present in kaki apple are: manganese, calcium, potassium, copper and phosphorus.

Of other significant substances, that Japanese apple contains, are lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin and cryptoxanthin, such as antioxidants and protectors of the function of vision.

What Are Health Benefits Of Kaki Fruit?


1. Weight reduction


The small amount of fat, plenty of sugars and vegetable fibers, make an apple ideal for carbohydrate diets for weight loss. It accelerates metabolism, reduces hunger, and cleans the intestines from accumulated toxins and prevents the absorption of fat from food.

2. Laxative property


Japanese apple is a natural laxative, thanks to the presence of plant insoluble fibers. It prevents the formation of constipation, regulates digestion, enzymes secretion, and stimulates the work of the liver and gallbladder.

3. Reduces blood pressure


Presence of potassium, low sodium levels in apple has impact on blood pressure regulation. Japanese apple makes it possible to maintain osmotic pressure, amplify the diuresis, and reduce the volume of blood pressure in the blood vessels. Since some apple reduces pressure, it should not be consumed by people with low pressure.

4. Strengthens immunity and prevents disease


Quite a lot of vitamin C, beta-carotene, zinc, antioxidants in kaki fruit, helps the body to be strong in contact with the microorganisms that cause disease.

5. Regulates of eye sight


Beta carotene and vitamin A are important vitamins in the preservation of healthy eye vision and the eye bottom. It prevents occurrence of cataract, macular degeneration of the retina and glaucoma.

6. Anticancerogenic action


The presence of antioxidants, flavonoids and other nutrients contributes to the maintenance of a good immune system, which is a good basis for avoiding tumors.

7. Prefers aging and the formation of wrinkles


A wealth of antioxidants, substances that destroy free radicals, puts Japanese apple among anti-age natural treatments against aging. It slows down aging, relieves the already existing wrinkle appearance and keeps the skin hydrated and taut.

8. Traditional use of kaki fruit in Japan


Japanese have been traditionally use persimmon against hiccup and when stopping internal bleeding.

Undesirable properties of Japanese apples


Because of the large amount of tannin, there may be less absorption of other nutrients from food and their deficiencies. Especially tannin is present in unripe fruits, so use only soft and ripe fruits of Japanese apples.

Japanese apple should not be taken on an empty stomach because it can lead to diarrhea.

Consumption in diabetics should be controlled due to high sugar content in the fruit of Japanese apples. 

You should not use a dried fruit of Japanese apple because it contains even more sugar than a fresh fruit.

Tips on how to use Japanese apple


Japanese apple should not be consumed with the peel. In the peel there are tannins, therefore it is recommended that the skin be peeled and removed, and that only soft, juicy and ripe meat is consumed.


How to eat Japanese apple? 

Fruits can be eaten fresh, dried or cooked.

Raw fruit can be eaten like an apple cut into slices. The taste is sweet and beautiful, reminiscent of the taste of apricot. 

Dried fruit can be used in making treats, pudding or mixing with mousses for breakfast.

Buying and storing Persimmon


When choosing fruits, you need to choose fruits with a bright yellow to orange color, without external changes or with wrinkled curd. It is enough to gently press the fruit of Japanese apples to determine maturity. Fully mature fruits are soft, and the interior is fresh.

Inmature, hard fruits can be left at room temperature to mature and become soft. 

In order to preserve it as hard, or to prolong the shelf life of Japanese apple, put it in a fridge, where it can be stored for several months.